international newsletter
  No. 31  -  December 2014
Accueil > International Newsletter No. 31 > Focus - ISSN 1957-7184
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COP 20 in Lima

A pivotal conference

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Lima, Peru, will host the next Climate Change Conference from 1 to 12 December – a key step toward the adoption of an international post-2020 agreement on climate change.

The summit set to take place from 1 to 12 December in Lima, Peru, is the 20th Conference of the Parties (COP 20) on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 10th session of the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP 10). This leading international conference, held once per year, aims to forge common policies for fighting climate change. The Lima conference represents a key step in moving towards the major commitments expected to be made during the 2015 Climate Change Conference in Paris. Some 12,000 participants and around 1,000 journalists will take part in this pivotal event.

WHY LIMA?
As with Warsaw in 2013, Lima was a carefully considered choice. Peru is one of the ten countries most vulnerable to climate change. 60% of Peru is covered by Amazon rainforest and 71% of the world’s tropical glaciers are within the country’s borders. If no action is taken, these glaciers could disappear completely within 25 years. This realisation has led Peru to implement an active policy to contain environmental damage, in particular by combating illegal gold mining, a scourge that has ravaged the Madre de Dios region in the Amazon basin. If the 195 countries represented at the conference demonstrate this same sense of urgency, they may be able to reach an agreement that will make progress in fighting global warming.

ENCOURAGING SIGNS
Ahead of the negotiations, in October, the EU Member States adopted a new target: reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030. In line with this European agreement, France set ambitious new objectives in 2014 for energy efficiency and fighting climate change in its Energy Transition for Green Growth bill. Targets in the bill include halving energy consumption by 2050, compared with 2012 levels, reducing greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030, compared with 1990 levels, and by three quarters by 2050.
Meanwhile, China and the United States signed on 12 November a statement of intent with a number of commitments on climate, and the G20 Summit, on 16 November, mentioned in its final communiqué the need for taking strong and effective action on climate change. Those elements are encouraging for the international climate agenda and plans to adopt an ambitious climate change agreement in late 2015. 

REPRESENTING FRANCE
In addition to the official French delegation, a group of members of Club France Développement Durable – a sustainable development network – as well as several other partners from Solutions COP 21 will be traveling to Lima to present relevant business initiatives. For its part, ADEME's participation in the last Conferences was mainly related to technology transfers between developed and emerging countries. ADEME also recently accepted an offer from the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy to represent France at the conference as the “national designated entity” for technology.

ADEME’S ROLE, FROM LIMA TO THE PARIS CONFERENCE IN 2015
At COP 20 in Lima, ADEME will present a publication entitled “Addressing climate change – French know-how". The work promotes French know-how in the areas of adaptation to and mitigation of climate change, by presenting proven methodologies and practices both in France and abroad. Throughout 2015, the Agency will be actively preparing for COP21, in particular by presenting technological innovations developed by industry, promoting regional solutions and best practices implemented by public authorities, and rallying citizens around the climate change cause by taking part in the Solutions 21 event at the Grand Palais in Paris. Through these efforts, ADEME will provide public and private stakeholders in France with solutions for reducing their greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). /

FEEDBACK /

R20 cooperation agreement – ADEME

ADEME signed a cooperation agreement with R20 Regions of Climate Action at the World Summit of Regions for Climate in October. R20 is an NGO that unites sub-national governments, private companies, international organisations, NGOs and academic and financial institutions in the fight against climate change. The agreement aims to develop avenues for exchanging information and experiences on issues of mutual interest such as climate, energy efficiency and renewable energies. It also seeks to facilitate the creation of joint, cooperative or coordinated projects on these issues in Mediterranean countries, Africa and major emerging nations.